Kolkheti National Park
In local mires are all the conditions necessary for them to spend winter. Besides, here can be found the following species: Woodcock, Eurasian curlews with long and hooked beaks, common coots, grebes, White-fronted geese, Mute and Whooper swans, Dalmatian Pelican, Greater Spotted Eagle, et al. Besides, the national park includes the sea water area located between the estuaries of the rivers of Rioni and Churia. The sand dunes displaced along the coast by the sea waves over the centuries isolated the lagoon from the saline water of the sea, and the pure water flowing into the lake from the Pichora River made the water fresh and created the ideal vital environment for many species of fish in the 3 m deep natural reservoir abundant in water invertebrates and plankton.
It covers the eastern zone of the Black Sea coast and the basin of the PaliastomiLake. The Park is established with the purpose of protection and surviving of wetland ecosystems. Since the Kolkheti national park began full-scale functioning. The park is not a monolith formation and it is consisted of separate territories — the districts.
The Park is divided into the following natural geographical districts: Anaklia-Churia between the coastline sections of ravines of the ChuriaRiver and the KhobistskaliRiverNabada between the western sections of the ravines of the KhobistskaliRiver and the RioniRiver and Imnati between the western sections of the ravines of the RioniRiver and the SupsaRiver.
These are the places where the ecosystems of wetlands are best preserved. Besides, the national park includes the sea water area located between the estuaries of the rivers of Rioni and Churia.
The area of Anaklia-Churia is hectares; Nabada district covers a hectare area, and the Imnati district area is hectares. In total, the land area of the National Park is hectares, and the sea water area — 15 hectares. The districts of the National Park are located in the territories of five administration districts — Zugdidi, Khobi, Senaki, Kolkheti National Park and Lanchkhuti and are a part of two historical regions of Georgia — Samegrelo and Guria.
The real beauty of the Kolkheti national park is the PaliastomiLake that was the gulf of the Black Sea several thousand years ago. The sand dunes displaced along the coast by the sea waves over the centuries isolated Kolkheti National Park lagoon from the saline water of the sea, and the pure water flowing into the lake from the Pichora River made the water fresh and created the ideal vital environment Kolkheti National Park many species of fish in the 3 m deep natural reservoir abundant in water invertebrates and plankton.
Kolkheti mires, first of all, are important for their relict origin. This lowland is a remainder of the tropical and subtropical landscapes preserved till today, which were stretched along entire Eurasian continent as continuous belt in Cenozoic age about 10 million years ago. In Kolkheti the plants have been preserved that are nowadays characteristic only for swampy ecosystems of tundra and taiga of the far North.
The Kolkheti lowland is of other international significance as well. Boreal species alien for Kolkheti grow in the marsh — Sphagnum mosses, Sp. Swampy and humid forests include: alder trees, Caucasian wingnut, Imeretian oak and Colchis oak with well-developed evergreen underbrush, Colchis ivy, et al. In the sandy zone of dunes grow Sea-buckthorn and Jerusalem thorn. Composition of species of algae is diverse.
The territories of Kolkheti national park are interesting, first of all, by botanic point of view. The complexes of phytocoenosis rich in quite diverse, relict and endemic species, and various compositions have remained there till present — they are the different plant communities of the mires, swampy forests and sand dunes located along the coastline, such as: spurge, eringo, Colchis sedge, Imeretian cogongrass, astragalus, Marsh woundwort, catchfly, Jerusalem Thorn, hawthorn, Sea-buckthorn, et al.
Along the lakes and marsh rivers in the wetlands can be found the following plants: Colchis water-lily and Yellow water-lily, Colchis water chestnut and Lesser duckweed, and in the peaty mires together with the north tundra species you can find Royal fern and Imeretian sedge gvxvdeba. Some of them are included in the Red List of Georgia as rare and threatened species: Colchis oak Quercus hartwissianaCaucasian wingnut Pterocarya pterocarpaColchis box-tree Buxus colchicaand among other species the following are injured: maple Fraxinus exscelsiorGeorgian oak Quercus iberica and Alder Alnus barbata.
In the marsh forests…
Kolkheti National Park
Ichtyofauna of the National Park is presented by 88 species, out of which 23 species are transiting, 21 species live in fresh water and 44 species live in the Black Sea. The advanced economy and favorable geographical and natural conditions of the area attracted the Milesian Greeks who colonized the Colchian coast,  establishing trading posts in the area at Phasis , Gyenos , and Sukhumi in the 6th-5th centuries BC. In winter, the groups of ducks, geese, and swans fly in from the north. The real beauty of the Kolkheti national park is the PaliastomiLake that was the gulf of the Black Sea several thousand years ago.