What Type Of Organization Is The U. s. Forest Service, Which Manages Our National Park System?
They encompass million acres aprox. How does the Forest Service carry out its activities? Photo by Theresa Rasmussen www.
America’s Public Lands Explained
Forest Service The story of the Forest Service is one of fascinating people, places, politics, laws, and controversies. The founding of the Forest Service actually has its roots in the last quarter of the 19th century. The national forests originally called forest reserves began with the Forest Reserve Act ofwhich allowed the president to establish forest reserves from timber-covered public domain land.
Several early leaders, visionaries, organizations, forestry professionals, and willing presidents led the successful effort to retain millions of acres of federal forest land for future generations. The agency itself was created from two federal entities. Beginning inforested public domain lands were set aside by presidential proclamation in Glacier National Park To Great Falls Mt to reduce destructive logging and preserve watersheds.
The division’s primary mission was information gathering and dissemination, and later, scientific experimentation was added to its responsibilities.
The agency was given a unique mission: to sustain healthy, diverse, and productive forests and grasslands for present and future generations. From the earliest days of the agency, the U. Forest Service has kept forest management as a primary focus.
In the reserves were renamed national forests. The next year, six district offices were organized in the West for field work. The establishment of national forests in the East began after President Taft signed the Weeks Law inwhich created the National Forest Reservation Commission, and authorized federal funds to purchase lands on the watersheds of navigable streams.
In addition, there were 11 forest and range experiment stations. During subsequent years, the Forest What Type Of Organization Is The U. s. Forest Service continued to expand and Glacier National Park To Great Falls Mt national forests, research stations, and regional offices.
The agency also transferred lands to the Department of the Interior for national parks and monuments. Gifford Pinchot, the first chief of the Forest Service, served from to Which Manages Our National Park System? restructured and professionalized the management of national forests, and also greatly increased their area and number. During his period in office, the Forest Service expanded considerably. Inforest reserves numbered 60 units, covering 56 million acres.
In there were national forests covering million acres. A pattern of effective organization, management, and conservation of natural resources was set during Pinchot’s administration. What Type Of Organization Is The U. s. Forest Service is regarded as the “father” of American conservation because of his unyielding concern for the protection of American forests.
Following World War Ias automobiles became increasingly available and affordable for American families, Forest Service leaders recognized the public’s growing interest in recreation on national forest land. Congress established the management of outdoor recreation, range, timber, watershed, and wildlife as the multiple use purposes of the national forests. Recreational visits to America’s national forests have increased significantly over the years. Inthere were 4, total recreational visits, and innational forests received million visitor days of recreational use, involving such activities as hiking, camping, fishing, hunting, and horsepacking.
Policies for wildlife management in the Forest Service have evolved over time. Aldo Leopold laid the foundation for wildlife management while working for the agency from to The National Forest Management Act of requires the Forest Service to conduct its planning to ensure a diversity of plant and animal species. The Forest Service employs 30, people and manages the national forests for a number of uses, including recreation, timber, wilderness, minerals, water, grazing, fish and wildlife.
The history of the Forest Service is long and remarkable. The agency celebrated its th anniversary in February
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A historical note to include is that the National Park Service was created in to manage Yellowstone and several other parks; in , the Fish and Wildlife Service became the manager of lands reserved for wildlife. Wildernesses The scenic Handies Peak Wilderness Study Area in Colorado is known for its mountains, multi-colored rock formations, diverse vegetation and vast, open vistas. Station directors, like regional foresters, report to the Chief. The area is home to Handies Peak, which rises 14, feet over the area.