Masada National Park
To many, Masada symbolizes the determination of the Jewish people to be free in its own land. The rooms were paved with black and white mosaics in geometric patterns. Plan of Sussita by Gottlieb Schumacher G.
Big, Allied and Dangerous (BAAD)
Archaeology in Israel: Table of Contents Recent Discoveries Dead Sea Scrolls Masada Hebrew for fortress is a place of gaunt and majestic beauty that has become one of the Jewish people’s greatestsymbols as the place where the last Jewish stronghold against Roman invasion stood. Geography Masada is located atop an isolated rock cliff at the western end of the Judean Desert overlooking the Dead Sea.
On the east side, the rock falls in a sheer drop of about meters to the Dead Sea and on the western edge it stands about meters above the surrounding terrain. The natural approaches to the cliff top are very difficult. Calling himself Josephus Flavius, he became a Roman citizen and a successful historian. After the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple 70 CE they were joined by zealots and their families who had fled from Jerusalem.
There, they held out for three years, raiding and harassing the Romans. The Romans established camps at the base of Masada, laid siege to it and built a circumvallation wall. They then constructed a rampart of thousands of tons of stones and beaten earth against the western approaches of the fortress and, in the spring of 74 CE, moved a battering ram up the ramp and breached the wall of the fortress.
Flavius dramatically recounts the story told him by two surviving women. The Zealots cast lots to choose 10 men to kill the remainder. They then chose among themselves the one man who would kill the survivors. That last Jew then killed himself. We were the very first that revolted, and we are the last to fight against them; and I cannot but esteem it as a favor that God has granted us, that it is still in our power to die bravely, and in a state of freedom.
Then, in the ‘s, Hebrew writer Isaac Lamdan wrote “Masada,” a poetic history of the anguished Jewish fight against a world full of enemies. The site was identified inbut intensive excavations took place only in the mid’s with the help of hundreds of enthusiastic volunteers from Israel and from many foreign countries.
To many, Masada symbolizes the determination of the Jewish people to be free Masada National Park its own land.
Herodian Fortress The rhomboid, flat plateau of Masada measures x m. The casemate wall two parallel walls with partitions dividing the space between them into roomsis m. It was built along the edge of the plateau, above the steep cliffs, and it had many towers. Three narrow, winding paths led from below to fortified gates. The water supply was guaranteed by a network of large, rock-hewn cisterns on the northwestern side of the hill. They filled during the winter with rainwater flowing in streams Masada National Park the mountain on this side.
Cisterns on the summit supplied the immediate needs of the residents of Masada and could be relied upon in time of siege. To maintain interior coolness in the hot and dry climate of Masada, the many buildings of various sizes and functions had thick walls constructed of layers of hard dolomite stone, covered with plaster.
The higher northern side of Masada was densely built up with structures serving as the administrative center of the fortress and included storehouses, a large bathhouse and comfortable living quarters for officials and their families.
King Herod’s Residential Palace On the northern edge of the steep cliff, with a splendid view, stood the elegant, intimate, private palace-villa of the king. It was separated from the fortress by a wall, affording total privacy and security.
This northern palace…
The citadel and sanctuary were constructed at the time associated in the biblical narrative with King David and Solomon. Omtrent het verzet bij Massada zijn diverse verhalen. On its southern side was a large room with two Ionic columns supporting the roof over the wide opening into the courtyard.