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Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park

Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park

The interior features a raised-earth platform, shaped like an eagle with a forked-eye motif. Nice interpretive presentation in the visitor center. The Ranger on station was extremely helpful and informative.

Basic Information

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Roosevelt during the Great Depression. Workers excavated portions of eight mounds, finding an array of significant archeological artifacts that revealed a wide trading network and complex, sophisticated culture.

As an historic unit of the Park Service, the national monument was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, The John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Actsigned March 12,redesignated it as a national historical park and increased its size by about 2, acres. Ocmulgee’s visitor center includes an archaeology museum.

It displays artifacts and interprets the successive cultures of the prehistoric Native Americans who inhabited this site Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park thousands of years.

In addition, it interprets the historic Muscogee Creek tribe and diverse peoples who settled nearby in the colonial era. The visitor center includes a short orientation film for the site. Its gift shop has a variety of craft goods, and books related to the park. The large park Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park acres 2. Near the visitor center is a reconstructed ceremonial earthlodge, based on a 1,year-old structure excavated by archeologists.

Visitors can reach the Great Temple Mound via a half-mile walk or the park road. Other surviving prehistoric features in the park include a burial mound, platform moundsand earthwork trenches. The historic site of the English colonial Ocumulgee trading post is also part of the park. Route 80off Interstate 16 which passes through the southwest edge of the park.

The Lamar Mounds and Village Site is an isolated unit of the park, located in the swamps about 3 miles 4. The Lamar Site is open on a limited basis. History[ edit ] Macon Plateau culture[ edit ] Ocmulgee pronounced “oak-mull-ghee” is a memorial to ancient indigenous peoples in Southeastern North America.

From Ice Age hunters to the Muscogee Creek tribe of historic times, the site has evidence of 17, years of human habitation. The Macon plateau was inhabited during the PaleoindianArchaicand Woodland phases.

The major occupation was ca. The people of this sophisticated, stratified culture built the complex, massive earthworks that expressed their religious and political system. Leaders directed the complex construction of large, earthwork platform moundsthe central structures on the plateau.

Glacier National Park To Great Falls Mt earth by hand in bags, thousands of workers built the 55 ft 17 m. Magnetometer scans have revealed the platform mound had a spiraling staircase oriented toward the floodplain. The staircase is unique among any of the Mississippian-culture sites.

Other earthworks include at least one burial mound. The people built rectangular wooden buildings to house certain religious ceremonies on the top of the platform mounds. Glacier National Park To Great Falls Mt mounds at Ocmulgee were unusual because they were constructed further from each other than was typical of other Mississippian complexes.

Scholars believe this was to provide for public space and residences around the mounds. Circular earth lodges were built to serve as places to conduct meetings and important ceremonies.

Remains of one of the earth lodges were carbon dated to CE. This evidence was the basis for the reconstructed lodge which archeologists later built at the park center. The interior features a raised-earth platform, shaped like an eagle with a forked-eye motif.

Molded seats on the platform were built for the leaders. The eagle was a symbol of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complexwhich the people shared with other Mississippian cultures. Lamar Period[ edit ] As the Mississippian culture declined at the ceremonial center, ca. The Late Mississippian period – A.

The Lamar period is composed of four distinct phases that lasted between the years and It is…

Explore the Indian Mounds, Bond Swamp Wildlife Refuge, and Ocmulgee River

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No unmanned aircraft is allowed in the park. Roosevelt during the Great Depression. Willing to undergo and must pass required criminal history checks.

Effigy Mounds National Park

Effigy Mounds National Park

Unlike the rest of Iowa, the Paleozoic Plateau was bypassed by the last of the Pleistocene glaciers the Wisconsin , allowing the region’s fast cutting streams to expose and carve out deep channels in the bedrock-dominated terrain. Fire Point Trail is a two mile round-trip hike where visitors can view over 20 mounds, including all four types: conical, linear, compound, and an effigy. Last updated: February 23, Why these mounds were constructed remains a mystery.

Iowa: Effigy Mounds National Monument

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The fall colors were beautiful and the hiking after the initial elevation from the parking lot was moderate. Before we left we took in a pleasant walk Effigy Mounds National Park of the visitor center on the one mile Yellow River Bridge Boardwalk Trail to take in the wetland area. The only disappointment was the Visitor Center being closed for the pandemic.

Very cool place to visit. You decide after which mound group to stop and turn back. The wood chip, or dirt in sections, trail starts with several switchbacks as you go up the bluff. Once you reach the top it is a fairly level easy trail one couple was pushing a baby stroller that doesn’t get strenuous until the end.

There are a series of conical and bear burial mounds you pass by. There are several Mississippi River overlooks which are short distances from the trail. We hiked to the end of the trail at the Hanging Rock overlook and stopped for a picnic lunch no food or water in the park with the Visitors Center closed because of Covid. We hiked for approximately three and a half hours with lunch, photos Effigy Mounds National Park overlooks.

Hike was well worth.

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Between and 1, years ago, in the Late Woodland period, American Indians began building earthen effigy mounds in the shapes of mammals, birds, and reptiles. We hiked to the end of the trail at the Hanging Rock overlook and stopped for a picnic lunch no food or water in the park with the Visitors Center closed because of Covid. This began the inquiry.

Mounds National Park

Mounds National Park

It is identified through unique ceramic design elements that were primarily produced during this period. The Yamasee took refuge in Spanish Florida. From centuries of Native Americans living here to a the remains of a trading post and then two battles from the Civil War it is definitely a unique location. It can be traveled to and from the campground via a long boardwalk, which descends into a ravine with a creek and then climbs up the bluff.

17,000 Years of Continuous Human Habitation

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Mike L wrote a review Mar 21 Alabama Mountain Lakes, Alabama contributions60 helpful votes This is a very fascinating historical park.

When Mounds National Park see the history that has occurred at this location, you will be amazed. From centuries of Native Americans living here to a the remains of a trading post and then two battles from the Civil War it is definitely a unique location. It is a great park for walking. The view of the city of Macon from the highest mound is stunning. To realize these mounds were made by people carrying the dirt in Mounds National Park on their backs is just astounding. Hopefully, in the near future all of the historical displays in the museum will reopen.

The Ranger on station was extremely helpful and informative. Outstanding visit! Easy 1 mile walk to see two of the mounds. Nice interpretive presentation in the visitor center.

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The large park encompasses acres 2. Three properties will be conveyed to the National Park Service for the expansion. Soon after that, the chief Menama and warriors attacked McIntosh’s plantation. Because of continuing conflicts with land-hungry European settlers and other Muscogee groups, many Ochese Creek migrated from Georgia to Spanish Florida in the later 18th century.