Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park
The interior features a raised-earth platform, shaped like an eagle with a forked-eye motif. Nice interpretive presentation in the visitor center. The Ranger on station was extremely helpful and informative.
Roosevelt during the Great Depression. Workers excavated portions of eight mounds, finding an array of significant archeological artifacts that revealed a wide trading network and complex, sophisticated culture.
As an historic unit of the Park Service, the national monument was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, The John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Actsigned March 12,redesignated it as a national historical park and increased its size by about 2, acres. Ocmulgee’s visitor center includes an archaeology museum.
It displays artifacts and interprets the successive cultures of the prehistoric Native Americans who inhabited this site Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park thousands of years.
In addition, it interprets the historic Muscogee Creek tribe and diverse peoples who settled nearby in the colonial era. The visitor center includes a short orientation film for the site. Its gift shop has a variety of craft goods, and books related to the park. The large park Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park acres 2. Near the visitor center is a reconstructed ceremonial earthlodge, based on a 1,year-old structure excavated by archeologists.
Visitors can reach the Great Temple Mound via a half-mile walk or the park road. Other surviving prehistoric features in the park include a burial mound, platform moundsand earthwork trenches. The historic site of the English colonial Ocumulgee trading post is also part of the park. Route 80off Interstate 16 which passes through the southwest edge of the park.
The Lamar Mounds and Village Site is an isolated unit of the park, located in the swamps about 3 miles 4. The Lamar Site is open on a limited basis. History[ edit ] Macon Plateau culture[ edit ] Ocmulgee pronounced “oak-mull-ghee” is a memorial to ancient indigenous peoples in Southeastern North America.
From Ice Age hunters to the Muscogee Creek tribe of historic times, the site has evidence of 17, years of human habitation. The Macon plateau was inhabited during the PaleoindianArchaicand Woodland phases.
The major occupation was ca. The people of this sophisticated, stratified culture built the complex, massive earthworks that expressed their religious and political system. Leaders directed the complex construction of large, earthwork platform moundsthe central structures on the plateau.
Glacier National Park To Great Falls Mt earth by hand in bags, thousands of workers built the 55 ft 17 m. Magnetometer scans have revealed the platform mound had a spiraling staircase oriented toward the floodplain. The staircase is unique among any of the Mississippian-culture sites.
Other earthworks include at least one burial mound. The people built rectangular wooden buildings to house certain religious ceremonies on the top of the platform mounds. Glacier National Park To Great Falls Mt mounds at Ocmulgee were unusual because they were constructed further from each other than was typical of other Mississippian complexes.
Scholars believe this was to provide for public space and residences around the mounds. Circular earth lodges were built to serve as places to conduct meetings and important ceremonies.
Remains of one of the earth lodges were carbon dated to CE. This evidence was the basis for the reconstructed lodge which archeologists later built at the park center. The interior features a raised-earth platform, shaped like an eagle with a forked-eye motif.
Molded seats on the platform were built for the leaders. The eagle was a symbol of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complexwhich the people shared with other Mississippian cultures. Lamar Period[ edit ] As the Mississippian culture declined at the ceremonial center, ca. The Late Mississippian period – A.
The Lamar period is composed of four distinct phases that lasted between the years and It is…
Explore the Indian Mounds, Bond Swamp Wildlife Refuge, and Ocmulgee River
No unmanned aircraft is allowed in the park. Roosevelt during the Great Depression. Willing to undergo and must pass required criminal history checks.