Tag Archives: Muluk

Saiful Muluk National Park

Saiful Muluk National Park

The combined Delta of the Mahanadi’s numerous distributaries and the Brahmani is one of the largest in India. The river enters the Odisha plains at Naraj, about 14 kilometres 8. Before the construction of the dam in , the Mahanadi was about a mile wide at Sambalpur and carried massive amounts of silt, especially during the monsoon.

Alpine lake

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Source and Upper Course[ edit ] Mahanadi river Mahanadi is a major river with its delta on the east coast Like many other seasonal Indian rivers, the Mahanadi too is a combination of many mountain streams and thus its precise source is impossible to pinpoint.

However its farthest headwaters lie 6 kilometres 3. For the first kilometres 62 mi of its course, the Mahanadi flows in a northerly direction and drains the Raipur district and touches eastern portions of Raipur city. Middle course[ edit ] After being joined by the Seonath, the river flows in an easterly direction through the remaining part of its journey.

It is joined by the Jonk and Hasdeo rivers here before entering into Odisha after covering about half of its total length. Near the city of Sambalpurit is dammed by the largest earthen dam in the world, the Hirakud Dam.

A composite structure of the earth, concrete and masonry, the dam measures 26 kilometres 16 mi including the Dykes. It spans two hills; the Lamdungri on the left and the Chandili Dunguri on the right. It also forms the biggest artificial lake in Asiawith a reservoir Saiful Muluk National Park square kilometres sq mi at full capacity, with a shoreline of over kilometres mi.

Before the construction of the dam inthe Mahanadi was about a mile wide at Sambalpur and carried massive amounts of silt, especially during the monsoon. Today, it is a rather tame river after the construction of the dam and is joined by the Ib, Ong, Tel and other minor streams. It then skirts the boundaries of the Baudh district and forces a tortuous way between ridges and ledges in a series of rapids until it reaches Dholpur, Odisha.

The rapids end here and the river rolls towards the Eastern Ghatsforcing its way through them via the 64 kilometres 40 mi long Satkosia Gorge. The Satakosia Gorge ends at Badamul of Nayagarh. Dense forests cover the hills flanking the river here. The river enters the Odisha plains at Naraj, about 14 kilometres 8. A barrage has been constructed here to regulate the river’s flow into Cuttack. The river traverses Saiful Muluk National Park district in Glacier National Park To Great Falls Mt east—west direction.

Just before entering Cuttack, it gives off a large distributary called the Kathjori. The city of Cuttack stands on the spit separating the two channels. The Kathjori then throws off many streams like the KuakhaiDevi and Surua which fall into the Bay of Bengal after entering Puri district. The Glacier National Park To Great Falls Mt itself falls into the sea as the Jotdar.

The Mahanadi proper enters the sea via several channels near Paradeep at False PointJagatsinghpur. The combined Delta of the Mahanadi’s numerous distributaries and the Brahmani is one of the largest in India.

However numerous barrages apart from the Hirakud have put an end to that. Today, boats are restricted to the delta region and the Hirakud reservoir. Trade and agriculture[ edit ] Mahanadi River The Mahanadi is an important river in the state of Odisha. The cities of Cuttack and Sambalpur were prominent trading places in the ancient world and the river itself has been referred to as the Manada in Ptolemy’s works. Out of this, Present use of surface water in the basin is Live storage capacity in the basin has increased significantly since independence.

From just about 0. In addition, a substantial storage quantity of over 5. Additional storage to the tune of over The Mahanadi was notorious for its devastating floods for much of recorded history. Thus it was…

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From just about 0. Today, boats are restricted to the delta region and the Hirakud reservoir. Dense forests cover the hills flanking the river here. For the first kilometres 62 mi of its course, the Mahanadi flows in a northerly direction and drains the Raipur district and touches eastern portions of Raipur city.