Tag Archives: Spruce

Sitka Spruce Olympic National Park

Sitka Spruce Olympic National Park

Native Americans used Sitka spruce for many purposes, including medicines for aliments, food, and building materials. Both spruce and hemlock have adapted to this situation in a distinctive way: their seedlings typically germinate and thrive on a substrate of decaying conifer wood. A analysis of both paternal and maternal molecular markers chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA of all living species of Picea indicated that Picea breweriana and secondarily P. Citations Forestry Commission.

Temperate Rain Forests

Wilsons Promontory Marine National Park

Facebook Sitka spruce Picea sitchensis is also known as the coast or tidewater spruce. Its common name, Sitka, reflects the place of its Alaskan discovery; coast, its geographical distribution; and tidewater, its habitat. Sitka sprucewas first collected by Archibald Menzies inbut Sitka Spruce Olympic National Park was not given a scientific name. It was the first of six conifers described by Meriwether Lewis inbut was still not named.

The spruce finally got its scientific name in when the German botanist August Gustav Heinriche von Bongard published Pinus sitchensis based on specimens probably collected by Carl Mertens at Sitka, Alaska in Sitka spruce grows in the cool, moist maritime climate with Glacier National Park To Great Falls Mt moisture of coastal areas—from Kodiak Island south through southeast Alaska, through British Columbia and the inside passage, to Puget Sound, the Olympic Peninsula, and coastal Washington, Oregon, and northern California, to a disjunct population in Mendocino County.

Sitka spruce requires year-round moisture, and the best growth occurs Sitka Spruce Olympic National Park deep, moist, well-drained soils. Its elevation limits are 3, feet in the north to 2, feet farther south. Trees blown to the ground in wind storms frequently act as “nurse logs,” as they decay and provide a suitable substrate for germination and the growth of seedling conifers. Sitka spruce assumes growth forms from low, twisted, gnarled headland scrub that is deformed by wind-blown sand and salt Glacier National Park To Great Falls Mt to trees of impressive size.

A tree in Clatsop County, Oregon, on county land, claimed to be the National Champion, is feet tall. Both trees are nearly 18 feet in diameter.

Native Americans used Sitka spruce for many purposes, including medicines for aliments, food, and building materials. All parts were used, including buds, needles, pitch, bark, wood, and roots. In modern times, the tree is harvested for its high quality wood and fiber. Sitka spruce wood is famous for its resonance and is often used as soundboards for guitars and other stringed instruments, including pianos.

The wood’s high weight-to-strength ratio made it useful for early aircraft frames and propellers during World War I and World War II, in boat construction for mastsand ladders. The U. Army’s Spruce Railroad Division’s duty was to get Sitka spruce to mills from the coasts of Washington and Oregon as quickly and efficiently as possible.

Sitka spruce is still the wood of choice for modern home-built aircraft. Zoom image Sitka spruce, branch and cone, detail of.

Sitka spruce. Photo N.

What is Sitka spruce?

Acadia National Park Camp Sites

Moderate temperatures. A very large tree growing on a headland at the south end of Norwegian Memorial beach, Olympic National Park, Washington. In this phylogeny, both P.